13 December 2017
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AMBASSADOR'S ARTICLES

21.09.2016

Migrant and refugee crisis: we need to address its root causes (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

Seeking solutions to the problem of migrants and refugees, fleeing their homes due to wars and domestic armed conflicts, is one of the pressing issues on the international agenda. We share the common opinion that the most reliable way to successfully resolve the refugee crisis is to address the causes. A successful response to migration challenges requires, first of all, prevention and settlement of conflicts through political means, coordinated efforts of the global community in political, socio-economic, humanitarian and other areas, as well as building interaction between humanitarian aid and development assistance. It is necessary to exclude external interference in internal issues by other countries, which turns civil conflicts into proxy wars.

The current refugee crisis in Europe is a result of irresponsible intrusion into the domestic affairs of the sovereign states in the Middle East and North Africa. Such interference brought about a collapse of states, humanitarian disasters, civil wars and a rise of terrorism. As a result, there is a massive flow of refugees and migrants to the European continent.

Russia believes that a solution to the refugee crisis in Europe can be found through political settlement in the countries from which the refugees are fleeing, as well as through development assistance and state-building. This means a cessation of hostilities in Syria, Libya and other countries in the Middle East and North Africa, while combating terrorists throughout the region.

In this respect, the concept of “shared responsibility” seems to be an attempt to shift the responsibility. Those whose actions, including Libya five years ago, brought about this crisis must bear the responsibility for providing help to the refugees and displaced persons. For its part, Russia provides political support and donations to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), supplies substantial amounts of humanitarian aid to the source countries, and accepts and assists in the settlement of the refugees in our territory, including over a million displaced persons from Ukraine.

We believe that to stabilise the situation it is also necessary to ensure proper control over the migration flows, prevent criminal activity by migrants, improve the readmission procedure, build new pathways for legal immigration, and secure their borders.

Everything must be done to prevent terrorists from infiltrating the countries accepting refugees, those who are really in need of help. It is unacceptable that refugees be subject to political manipulation by parties inciting ethnic, religious and social hatred – even more so that refugee camps be used for recruiting and training militants.

We assume that the approaches to the resolution of the migration issues must not violate the sovereignty and territorial integrity of any states and be imposed without the consent of those countries where they are exercised. The 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol are the international legal foundation of this activity.




LATEST EVENTS

29.11.2017 - Afghan opium production jumps to record level (by Ambassador Alexander Yakovenko for RT)

According to the latest Afghanistan Opium Survey released by the Afghan Ministry of Counter Narcotics and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), in 2017 opium production in Afghanistan increased by 87 per cent to a record level of 9,000 metric tons. The area under opium poppy cultivation also grew by 63 per cent to its highest level of 328,000 hectares. Afghanistan is the world's top cultivator of the poppy from which opium and heroin are produced. The 2017 record levels of opium production and poppy cultivation create multiple challenges for the country, its neighbours and many other countries that serve as a transit for or a destination of Afghan opiates. The significant levels of opium poppy cultivation and illicit trafficking of opiates fuel instability, insurgency and increase funding to terrorist groups in Afghanistan.


19.10.2017 - Why to fight with memorials (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

The campaign in Poland against World War II memorials to Soviet officers and soldiers, who had liberated the country from the Nazi occupation, is gaining momentum. Warsaw has created a legal framework allowing the disposal of Soviet/Russian memorial objects or taking them out of public sight, including the most widespread monuments of gratitude to the Red Army. Why?


18.10.2017 - Syria: collective humanitarian efforts, not sanctions, are needed more than ever (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

The situation in Syria is undergoing serious transformation. Due to the de-escalation process, it has now become possible to drastically reduce the level of violence, to improve the humanitarian situation as well as to fight terrorists more efficiently. The ISIS-controlled territory is shrinking. On 14-15 September, at the international meeting in Astana all four de-escalation zones were finalized.


05.10.2017 - What You Have to Know about Status of Crimea (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

The coup d’état in Kiev in February 2014 backed by the West tore up the constitutional space in Ukraine. The legitimate President of the country was overthrown. It was marked by a severe lack of democracy and violence that posed a direct threat to the well-being of Russian-speaking population of Crimea. Citizens of Crimea faced the choice of becoming an oppressed minority or severing their ties with the hostile regime to secure a future for themselves and their children. The decision to hold a referendum was made by legitimate local authorities. The independence of Crimea was proclaimed and an appeal to enter the Russian Federation was made based on the indisputable results of the popular vote. Standards of international law were fully observed as the right of nations to self-determination enshrined in the UN Charter was exercised freely by the Crimeans. Crimea was recognized as an independent and sovereign state by Russia and on 18 March 2014 in Moscow the two countries signed a Treaty of Unification, under which the Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol became two new regions - subjects of the Russian Federation.


05.10.2017 - NATO increased military presence in Europe: road to nowhere (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

As part of the implementation of the conclusions of the NATO Summit in Warsaw, four multinational battlegroups have been deployed in Poland, Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia with the total number of troops exceeding 4500. The idea of creating similar rotating units in Bulgaria and Romania in 2018 is being widely discussed by NATO members. If put together, these battlegroups amount to a motorized infantry brigade with heavy weapons.


30.09.2017 - Russia’s initiative on protecting SMM OSCE in South-East of Ukraine (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

On 5th September, at the 9th BRICS Summit in Xiamen President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin has announced an initiative to establish the United Nations Mission on Support in Protecting the Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) OSCE in the South-East of Ukraine.


25.09.2017 - Eurasian Economic Union today (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

Though hardly noticeable in the Western media, the Eurasian economic cooperation is booming, with the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) becoming an increasingly effective integration project. The unique format of enhanced economic coordination along with the EAEU member states’ retained political sovereignty and cultural identity is proving itself.


25.09.2017 - On Russia's assistance to Central Asia (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

Russia attaches great importance to the issue of sustainable development as it is underlined by the UN. Among our priorities in this area is the development of Central Asia. We contribute to the development of this region on a regular basis, regardless of the global economic crisis and its negative effect on Russia’s economy. In today’s world, international aid is often politically motivated and aimed at exerting one’s influence. Russia has a different approach.


25.09.2017 - IX BRICS Summit – turning into a global organisation (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

The 9th BRICS summit in Xiamen, China, has emphasized the proximity of positions of the member states on the current global problems. It demonstrated that over the last 10 years BRICS has grown into a full-fledged international mechanism for global cooperation.


08.09.2017 - SCO sets standards for countering extremism (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

In June 2017, the leaders of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) signed the SCO Convention on Countering Extremism, which will help strengthen the international legal framework to address new challenges and threats as well as increase the effectiveness of cooperation between relevant authorities of the member states and to improve legislation in this area.



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